An assessment of the niger delta crisis and nigerias. Militia uprising in the niger delta and its implications. The region has seen decades of unrest stemming mostly from local militants uprisings over what they call neglect of the moneymaking region. Although the niger delta has a long history of violence, the situation has gone from. The militia groups blew up some oil flow stations, abducted some foreign workers and disrupted oil business in the area. Niger delta has witnessed a high rate of militancy and insecurity starting from 2006. Despite abundant oil wealth in the niger delta region in southeast nigeria, residents lack basic services including electricity, piped water, health clinics and schools. I owe very special gratitude to my friends and exstudents in their contribution. Abstract this paper attempts to look at the niger delta crisis from a sociopoliticoecological perspective.
The first one has links with grievances arising from a set of justified claims against government and oil companies that have, in the pursuit of oil exploration, not given adequate attention to meeting their social. It is typically considered to be located within nine coastal southern nigerian states, which include. Pdf the effects of the niger delta oil crisis on women folks. Understanding the armed groups of the niger delta final.
It considers the ways in which the political order built around the federal system of multi. Lockdowns, physical distancing and other forms of social restrictions have been accepted globally as key measures to contain the spread of the coronavirus disease covid19. Any disturbances in the flow of oil in nigeria will impact negatively on the world economy. Pdf poverty, oil exploration and niger delta crisis. Nigerian military actions jtf in niger delta crisis in order to find out how deteriorated the crisis has become as a result of different military operations carried out by nigerian armed forces and its implications on overall nigerian security sectors. Understanding the armed groups of the niger delta judith burdin asuni. Its focus on the niger delta and its festering crisis stems from that regions critical importance to nigeria. Oil and gas companies and community crises in the niger delta. This article is part of a series on the geopolitics of the global financial crisis. I am online and ready to help you via whatsapp chat. Its impact on nigerians national security topics criminology project topics pdf the niger delta crisis. Niger delta crisis in nigeria, root causes of peacelessness in the region abstract the oil rich niger delta region of nigeria has been embroiled in crisis between the government forces and some militants elements that are aggrieved over certain fundamental issues affecting the region which has lead to peacelessness. In this article, we identify some of the causes of militancy and insecurity in niger delta to include, economic deprivation and marginalization of the indigenous peoples of niger delta, environmental degradation, bad governance and inconsistent policy framework, as well as the divide and rule policy of the.
The niger delta crisis especially in ogoni land is a persistent issue that has continues to threaten the hegemony of nigeria as a single united political entity. A region so rich in resources yet so poor, a major contributor to the development of the nigerian state yet itself underdeveloped, a region classified as the worlds largest wetland, yet lacks potable. The niger delta crisis especially in ogoni land is a persistent issue that has continues to threaten the hegemony of nigeria as a single united. Niger delta crisis and amnesty programme implementation in nigeria. Understanding the armed groups of the niger delta council on. The core niger delta states are, from east to west, rivers, bayelsa, and delta. The niger delta is the delta of the niger river sitting directly on the gulf of guinea on the. These ethnic groups, while subscribing to a general interest in the development of the niger delta. In 2002, an international observation proclaimed the niger delta as one of the most volatile regions of the world. This paper explores the socioeconomic dimension of environmental oil related crisis in nigeria.
Resource control in the niger delta must be reconceptualised to recognize and give priority to its local variant for the benefit of ordinary citizens while providing the basis to promote peaceful resolution of resource control issues. The niger delta is home to about 140 ethnic groups in the. Conflict in the niger delta united states institute of peace. Niger delta crisis and nigerias external relations from 19921998. Niger delta history pdf the oil rich niger delta region of nigeria has been embroiled in crisis. The niger delta is the delta of the niger river sitting directly on the gulf of guinea on the atlantic ocean in nigeria. Here we examine how the global financial crisis will affect nigeria.
The study continued to evaluate the extent of damages the niger delta crisis lure on political development of the nation. The current conflict in the niger delta first arose in the early 1990s over tensions between foreign oil corporations and a number of the niger delta s minority ethnic groups who feel they are being exploited, particularly the ogoni and the ijaw. Consequently, the region has become a place of frustrated expectations and a hot bed for violence ogege, 2011. The response of the youth article pdf available april 2009 with 2,358 reads how we measure reads. Fresh dimension on the niger delta crisis of nigeria fresh dimensions on the niger delta crisis of nigeria, ojakorotu, v. So, as it stands, the niger delta conflict has more than one dimension.
The niger delta has a long history of militant activity dating back to and beyond the. The conflict in the niger delta region of nigeria has become global as it is wont to, given the fact that the major actors in the crisis are transnational the multinational oil corporations play very critical and fundamental roles in the crisis as. Thus, the area has become a hot bed of violence, insurgency, kidnapping, hostagetaking, oil. Fresh dimension on the niger delta crisis of nigeria by victor. In 1953, the old eastern region had a major crisis due to the expulsion of professor eyo ita from office by the majority. This paper reveals the inability of nigerian military security approach to sufficiently. Hamilton rivers state university of science and technology abstract this paper examines the role of oil and gas companies in community crises in the niger delta. This study was designed to investigate the effects of th e niger delta oil crisis on the women folks. Major new inquiry into oil spills in nigerias niger delta launched. The nigerian military is believed to have arrested alleged members of militant groups in the denselypopulated niger delta days after the army expressed concern over fears that militants are.
Niger delta crisis, may be seen in three basic dimensions. When a group of western oil workers was kidnapped in the niger delta in january 2006, the imme diate hike in. Niger delta, crisis, external relations and assessment 1. The niger delta consists of six or nine oil producing states in southern nigeria, depending on ones geopolitical definition.
Suffice it to say that a crucial element of constructive management of niger delta crisis is inherent in understanding the historical, psychological, political, cultural, environmental, and socioeconomic determinants of militia uprising in the region. Major causes of militancy in niger delta research cyber. Fresh dimension on the niger delta crisis of nigeria by. This observation came on the heels of incessant crisis which the region have been witnessing for decades but which took alarming dimension in loosing years. As has been mentioned earlier in the paper, the niger delta region is a potpouri of ethnic nationalities. Niger delta weekly conflict update for april 1925, 2020. This post examines social impacts of the crisis in the niger delta occasioned by environmental change on development, of the people of niger delta societies. Timeline of recent unrest in niger delta region irin. Pdf understanding the niger delta crisis within the framework of. The irony of it however, is that the niger delta areas, where the. Fresh dimensions on the niger delta crisis of nigeria.
Recently, the niger delta crisis that has been simmering for years assumed a dangerous dimension. Oil and gas companies and community crises in the niger delta donald i. Your generous financial contribution helped make the conference a success. The effect of niger delta crisis on sociopolitical development of nigeria abstract the purpose of this study is to know the factors that influence the niger delta crisis and its implication on socio political development of nigeria. Towards ending conflict and insecurity in the niger delta region.
The niger delta people soon came to the understanding that the oil. The oil rich niger delta region of nigeria has been embroiled in crisis between the government forces and some militants elements that are aggrieved over certain fundamental issues affecting the region which has lead to peacelessness. As the nations treasure base, the niger delta provides over 80 percent of government revenues, 95 percent of export receipts, and 90 percent of foreign exchange earnings. It examines the often hazy overlap between the militant niger delta cause and criminal and political motives, and. Ethnic and political unrest has continued throughout the 1990s despite the conversion to democracy. Home topics criminology project topics pdf the niger delta crisis. These measure are crucial in containing the spread of the deadly virus, but they are also exposing residents to increased risk of violence and human rights abuses. Contending issues in the niger delta crisis of nigeria. Social impacts of niger delta crisis research cyber. Niger delta crisis in nigeria, root causes of peacelessness in the region with abstract, chapter 15, references and questionnaire. Oil crisis could result in vast effects on humans and animals which include social. Pdf since the oil boom, violence in the niger delta has been a growing issue for the nigerian state.
Abstract the oil rich niger delta region of nigeria has been embroiled in crisis between the government forces and some militants elements that are aggrieved over certain fundamental issues affecting the region which has lead to peacelessness. It partly discusses the environmental perspective of the crisis as it relates to oil and gas exploration in nigeria. This calls for peace in the niger delta as national development is impossible when there is no peace. Pdf the emergence of militancy in the niger delta region led to problems of insecurity, pipeline vandalisation, disruption of oil output and. The demands of the population in the niger delta to enjoy greater benefit from the oil. Towards ending conflict and insecurity in the niger delta. The government of umaru musa yaradua recorded a remarkable feat when it finally got niger delta militants to accept the presidential proclamation of amnesty. The complexity of the niger delta crisis and national security will make its analysis from a purely contemporary perspective to be inadequate, it is in the light of this, that the niger delta crisis is traced from the 19 th century when the numerous citstates in the region were at longer head with one another over the control of production and. Pdf oil and gas have been described as the mainstay of the nigerian economy today.
Our findings agree with the core assumption of this paradigm that instead of ushering in development, poor management of resources, greed and bad. The niger delta crisis is not only a national problem but also a global problem deserving serious attention. Implications of using the military and paramilitary. Victor ojakorotu the crisis in the niger delta of nigeria is attracting increasing international attention due both to the growing security threat it portends for the nigerian state and, particularly, its. Its impact on nigerians national security chapter one introduction 1. Introduction the niger delta crisis in nigeria has gone global. The future appears as uncertain and fraught with the threat of violence as. The findings of the study the prevailing situation in the niger delta region of nigeria and in zimbabwe, which has. In other words, the post deals with the niger delta communities in nigeria in relation to environmental change and the social consequences of this downturn in delta communities. The political ecology of the niger delta crisis and the prospects of lasting peace in the post amnesty period by okoli, al chukwuma. Fresh dimensions on the niger delta crisis of nigeria 1 chapter i. The political ecology of the niger delta crisis and the.956 1493 1025 304 1285 439 1175 1485 718 531 1352 1247 690 1039 905 1365 1247 682 1257 1320 1437 899 969 964 764 186 1272 471 1290 1372